1.. Simple Present:
We use the Simple Present tense:
a.To talk about activities that we repeat regularly (routines, habits) :
ex. Peter goes to work by bus
I drink coffee every morning
My friends learn English.
b.To talk about permanent situations now:
ex. I have two cats and a fish
we like animals.
The Smiths don't enjoy big weddings.
c.To Talk about general truths:
ex. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west
If you mix yellow and blue, you get green.
d.To talk about future official events or timetables which we cannot change:
ex. The Summer term begins on the 15th of February next year
The train leaves at 6.25
8776;In statements, we add –s or –es in the third person singular (-y ending changes to –ies):
Ex. He speaks English very well.
She hurries to work every morning.
8776;In Questions, negative sentences and short answers, we use does(for third person singular) or do(for other grammatical persons)
ex. Does she knit well? No, she doesn't
Do you like music? Yes, I do
It doesn't rain a lot in November
We don't eat fast food.
8776;We often use the following time adverbials with the Simple Present:
9658;Always, usually, regularly, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, seldom, , hardly ever, never. >> appear between the subject and the verb:
ex. I always have breakfast
Some people regularly exercise in the gym.
9658;from time to time, twice a week, , once a(week/month..etc) , every(morning/night/day…etc). >>usually appear at the end or at the beginning of the sentence:
ex. I have a haircut once a month
From time to time we go fishing.
2.. Present Continuous:
We use the Present Continuous:
a.To talk about activities that are going on at the time of speaking:
ex. I'm reading a story. (now, at this moment)
Mum can't come because she's cooking dinner. (at this moment)
b.To talk about activities that happen regularly but for s limited period of time (temporary routines or habits):
ex. We are training everyday this week to prepare for our match.
c.To talk about future events that we have already fixed or arranged:
ex. She is getting married in June.
We are going to museum tomorrow.
8776;We form the Present Continuous tense using a present form of be + …-ing
ex. I am having my lunch
Is she wearing your tie?
They aren't going to school today.
9658;when the verb ends with a consonant + e : we drop the final –e >> write ..> writing // smile ..> smiling
9658;when the verb ends with on vowle + one consonant we double the final consonant >> put..> putting // run..> running
Except after –w,-x,-y >> knowing, fixing, hurring
9658;we can use the following time adverbials with the present continuous:
Jus, now, at the moment, at present. >> their positions in a sentence can be:
9642; between be and the –ing form of the verb :
I'm just having a snack.
9642; at the end of the sentence:
We are having lunch at the moment.
9642; at the beginning of the sentence:
At present, many doctors are working on a cure.
9658;some verbs ( called state verbs) are not usually used in a Continuous tense :
9679; verbs knowing or not knowing about:
Believe, doubt, forget, imagine, know, remember, realize, suppose, understand.
9679;verbs about appearance:
Appear, resemble, seem.
9679; verbs about liking or not liking:
Hat, like, love, prefer.
9679; verbs about the senses:
Hear, see, smell, taste
9679; verbs about what things are made of or where they come from:
Be, come from, contain, include.
9679; verbs about possession:
Belong to, need, own, possess, want, wish.
3.. Simple Past:
We use the Simple Past to talk about:
9552; finishing actions:
She went to the city and did her shopping.
9552; past situations that are repeated or continuous, and past habits:
I went to elementary school in my village.
8776; In the Simple Past, we add –ed or –ied (for verbs ending –y) to the infinitive of regular verbs Or use the past form of irregular verbs:
Ex. It rained all day yesterday. (regular verb)
I read the book this morning. (irregular verb