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  1. #1

    Aug 2011
    1,441

    ( )

    * * ( ) * *
    ( ) .

    .


    1 - ( ) :
    :

    .



    ( )
    ( ) .

    ( ) ( Cl Cl )



    .


    2 - :

    HX ( C OH )
    .

    HX ( R - +OH2 ) ( C O )
    .
    ( OH- ) ( X )

    .

    : HBr :

    CH3CH2OH + HBr = CH3CH2Br + H2O
    :



  2. #2

    Aug 2011
    1,441

    : ( )


    refresh
    ( )



    ( OH- ) ( RO- )


    .
    CH3CH2OBr + OH- = CH3CH2OH + Br-
    CH3Cl + CH3O- = CH3OCH3 + Cl-

    ( RO- ) .

    :

    R-OH + Na → R-ONa+ + H2
    CH3OH + Na = CH3O-Na+ + H2

    .


    :


    ( C X ) ( )
    OH- RO-
    ( C X ) ( X ) X- .


    refresh
    .
    :


    - :
    - FeBr3 :
    .
    Br2 FeBr3 FeBr4- Br+
    .
    Br+ Br
    .
    .


    .

    refresh
    .
    H2SO4 ϡ

    .
    ( OR- ) ( OH- ) .

    .
    :

    .


    ( )
    .
    .
    .

    NaOH
    .
    :
    .


  3. #3

    Aug 2011
    1,441

    : ( )

    .

    :

    : :
    1. CH3CH3 + Cl2--- .. + HCl
    2. CH4 + Cl2 --- .. + HCl
    3. CH3CH2OH + HBr . + H2O
    4.
    5. CH3CH2Br + OH- ... + Br
    6. CH3Cl + CH3O- + Cl-
    7. CH3OH + Na . + H2
    8. CH3CH2I + CH3CH2O- .... + I-
    9. CH3Br + OH- + Br-

    10. + Cl2 ---FeCl3 + HCl

    11. + CH3OH . + H2O

    12. + CH3CH2CH2OH + H2O
    : ( A B C D ) :
    1) A + HI CH3CH2CH2CH2I+ H2O
    2) + CN- B + Br-
    3) CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl + OH- C + Cl-
    4) CH3CH2Cl + -OCH3 D + Cl-

    : .
    : NaOH.


  4. #4

    Jul 2012
    5,298

    : ( )



: 1 (0 1 )

  1. Eiman
    : 0
    : 21-04-2013, 06:39 AM
  2. Eiman
    : 0
    : 21-09-2012, 02:00 PM
  3. Eiman
    : 0
    : 17-03-2012, 02:26 PM
  4. : 2
    : 21-08-2011, 08:32 AM
  5. : 2
    : 21-08-2011, 08:32 AM

: 0

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