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  1. #1

    Jul 2011
    -
    15,678

    .

    : H+ ( HX ) .


    : OH- ( BOH ) .


    :
    HCN , H2SO4 , CH3COOH , HNO3 , HCl

    :

    Ba(OH)2 , KOH , NOH
    ( ) :
    HA H+ + A-
    HCl H+ + Cl-


  2. #2

    Jul 2011
    -
    15,678

    :

    :

    [ BOH B+ + [OH-


    [ NaOH Na+ + [OH-

    (H+ ) (OH- ) .


    aq ) ( .


    :
    .


    (+H ) (-OH) .

    .
    ( ) :
    HI , HBr , H2SO4 , HNO3 , HCl
    ( 1 ) : HNO3 H+ + NO3-

    ( ) :
    HF , HCN , CH3COOH

    :
    CH3COOH(aq) H+(aq) + CH3COO- 2 )



    ( ) :

    Ba(OH)2 , KOH , NaOH
    ( 3 ) : NaOH Na+ + OH-

    :
    ( ) ( 1 , 3 ) .
    ( ) ( 2 ) .

    :



    1 - ( ) . :
    NH3(g) + HCl (g) (NH4Cl)

    2 - ( H+ ) ( OH- ) .

    HCl NH3 NH4Cl

    HCl(g) NH3(g)
    (OH- ) .
    3 -
    HF(aq) + NaOH(aq) NF(aq) + H2O(l)

    NF(aq)

    NH3(g) + HCl (g) NH4Cl
    NH4Cl


  3. #3
      Eiman
    Jul 2011
    -
    14,750

    :

    .......

  4. #4

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    :


: 1 (0 1 )

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