Piezoelectricity . . . piezo piezein .



Piezoelectricity . lead zirconate titanate 0.1% .







ʡ electronic frequency generator microbalance . (STM, AFM, MTA, SNOM) .


piezoelectric



thin films ͡ .





Piezoelectricity 1880 Pierre Curie Jacques Curie. pyroelectricity ( ) ͡ .



Pierre Curie Jacques Curie



. 1910 Woldemar Voigts 20 tensor analysis.

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sonar 1917 Paul Langevin . transducer ɡ . .





Piezoelectric .





. ferroelectric . bariun titanate lead zirconate titanate





. . .



ɡ . piezoceramic filters piezo buzzers transducers ɡ .



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