, , ( Big Bang ) ( = 1000 ) , ( Theory Of Everything ) . .

, , .


, : Fermions Bosons ( . ) , .


: Quarks Leptons ( Finnegans Wake , ) .


: , , , .


, , .


6 , ( up ) ( down) ( charm ) ( strang ) ( top ) ( bottom ) , , .

anti quarks , , .

( hadrons ) , ( baryon ) ( meson ) .

, , , 2003 ( penta quark ) .

, ( up ) ( down ) , , ( up ) ( down ) .


, , ( up ) ( down ) , ( ( down , ( ) , .


( kaon ) , ( strange ) , , .


( strong ) , , ( strong ) ( gluons ) , ( ) , , ( cyan ) ( magenta ) , ( yellow )


, , ( Quantum ) , , Graviton , ( strong ) Gluons , ( weake ) , .


, , CERN ( ) , ( ) 100 Gev ( 1 Gev = 1000000000 ev ) , 0.00000000001 4 , 1000000000000000 Gev ( .Grand Unified Th ) 10000000000000000000 Gev (10 ) ( ) .


, , ( ) , , , :



1 , 2 , 3
( - e ) ( + e ) e 1.6 10 -19 , ( 2600 )
( 9.11 10 -28 )

( Spin ) , ( ) , .


.



1 " " :
, ( = ) " " = 0) m) , , ( ) ( ) , ( ) , , , ( - e + e ) , .


2 :
( 0.0005 ) , , , , , 10 2 5 % .


, ( ) , , .
3 -e :


4 +e :
, ( ) , " " .


, , , " π " .
5 π :



6 P :
1836 , .


7 -P :
, ( 500 ) .


8 n :
, , ( 1000 ) , .


9 -n :
.
0.2 10 -13
1,5 10 -13

" π " .