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: Thermodynamics

  1. #1
      Eiman
    Jul 2011
    -
    14,750

    Thermodynamics

    Thermodynamics


    :
    heat work . .

    .

    . .

    ( ) . .











    :



    :

    system :

    .



    surrounding :

    .



    open system :

    .



    closed system :

    .

    isolated system :

    .



    universe :

    .



    a process :

    . .



    The path of a process :

    .











    Description of the system



    :

    ( ) microscopic

    ( ) macroscopic



    substance homogeneous .



    : ( ) . . x , y , z Vx Vy Vz . N 6N . . .

    : M P V T ..... . .


    . macrostate .

    :

    :

    1 .

    2 ( ) (6N)

    3 .

    4 .



    ( ) .



    :

    1 .

    2 .

    3 ... (M,V,P,T,.).



    .











    : Scope of thermodynamic



    . . rigid body . . mechanical coordinates . . external . . . . Thermodynamic coordinates . internal energy . .

    . . solids eelectic cells. electric capacitors thermocouples and magnetic substaces .













    Functions of State



    M V P T .... . equilibrium stat () .

    :

    intensive

    Extensive

    . : . : U Q .

    intensive Extensive . : U H S A G

    specific or molar properties v u h s
    .......

  2. #2

    Dec 2011
    -
    189

    : Thermodynamics



  3. #3
    Super Moderator
    Mar 2012
    11,190

    thanks



  4. #4

    Aug 2011
    -
    2,564

    ..

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