1 2 1 2
1 7 9

:

  1. #1

    Jul 2011
    -
    15,678



    ... ..


    :


    Ý-

    ȝ- ..





    ...



    "*" ~ "*"... ... "*" ~ "*"


    :-

    1

    ..




    2- ..




    3 ..

    4 ..


    ..

    ..

    ..

    ..


    5

    ..






    :-



    - ..

    - ..




    ..

    ..


    1 - ..

    ...

    ..



    2- ..





    ..



    ..





    3- ..

    ..

    760 ..




    :: ::

    ..



    .. ..


    U

    ..

    ..



    ..





  2. #2

    Jul 2011
    -
    15,678

    :



    "*"~"*"......"*"~"*"




    !!*!!...(BoylesLaw)...!!*!!









    ..

    .. ..

    1660
    Robert Boyle





    " Boyles Law "

    :

    ..














    !!*!!...(CharlesLaw)...!!*!!



    ..

    " Charles Law "

    ..









    ::::



    !!*!!......!!*!!





    ..




    ...



    ..
    " Gay Lussac "

    " Guilaume Amonton "

    1703 .. ..



  3. #3

    Jul 2011
    -
    15,678

    :

    !!*!!......!!*!!






    1811 " Amedeo Avogadro " :




    ..










    ... ..

    = 6,0210 23


    ...

    ... ..

    .. ..

    .. ..

    .. .. .. ..

    ( 610 9) 20 ..


    118 ...


    200 ..



    " "
    9 ..




    ... ...


    " " " 273

    " " 760 " STP

    " n "

    ..

    422 ..



    !!*!!......!!*!!




    " "

    " ..

    m V T P

    " n " m ..

    ..

    ...

    ..


  4. #4

    Jul 2011
    -
    936

    :


  5. #5
      Eiman
    Jul 2011
    -
    14,750

    :

    .......

  6. #6

    Aug 2011
    Jordan - Zerqa
    902

    :


    .............


  7. #7

    Aug 2011
    -
    3,025

    :



1 2 1 2

: 1 (0 1 )

, , ,