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  1. #1
      Eiman
    Jul 2011
    -
    14,750

    1249 .




    " " (La Forbie) 1244 . ڡ ǡ ѡ ɡ .

    ڡ ӡ ɡ ǡ (Pope Innocent IV). 1245 ڡ "" ǡ ɡ ɡ .

    ʡ .





    24 646 /25 1248 - (Aigues-Mortes) " " (Marguerite de Provence) " " (Robert d'Artois) ɡ . 1800 80


    () . .

    . ߡ . . ϡ 647/ 1249 ͡ . ϡ Ρ .

    1249 " " . 700 2100 " " (Hugh de Burgundy) . .




    . 22 647 /5 1249 . 50,000 . ɡ . () .

    : " ̿". . .

    ɡ . ޡ . "" (Joinville) ɡ . .

    24 ѡ " " (Alphonse de Poitiers) ɡ . " " : " "




    20 1249 21 ( ) . ޡ . .

    15 647 /23 1249 .

    . 8 1250 " " () " " (William of Salisbury) "" . .
    " " .


    ѡ ɡ - - . . ɡ [44] ѡ .

    . . " " " "

    " " ݡ

    .


    . 28 1250 . ϡ

    ( ) . .

    5 1250 . ѡ 6 1250

    . 10 30 . " " ( ) " " " " " " . .

    400 .( ء ǡ )




    3 648/8 1250 [64] 12.000 . ǡ . " " .

    " " (Matthew Paris) ( 1258) : " ѡ ǡ " .

    ѡ . ء .


    . :


    1300,000 " " :

    * 200,000 .
    * 210,000 .
    * 750,000 .
    * 40,000 .
    * 120,000 .
    * 1300 .

    30 100 - 2008-. 1257-1259 ɡ ɡ ǡ


    ɡ 648 / 1261 ѡ ѡ ǡ ѡ . 659 / 1261 ء --

    .......

  2. #2

    Apr 2012
    1,579

    -

  3. #3

    Nov 2013
    556


    DoDo
    ..............................



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