- . ǡ ǡ . .
ȡ ʡ . : ( - Nasopharynx) (Asthma) (Acid Reflux - ). (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - GERD).
ɡ .





:
-
-
-
- ( - Heartburn)
-

ȿ
ѡ ǡ . ϡ . ɡ
ǡ :

  • ( )
  • ,





  • :

ݡ (Sinuses) ޡ . ȡ . (: , ) .
ϡ " " ǡ . ɡ . .

  • (Asthma):

. ʡ .
.
͡ ǡ . ǡ " " (Hyperactive Airways Disease).


  • - :

(). ޡ .
( ) .


  • () :

ɡ ǡ () . ʡ . ȡ .

  • :

20% (Angiotensin - converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors), ɡ (Congestive Heart Failure - CHF).
. ɡ ѡ ʡ .

  • (Chronic bronchitis):

ӡ , (Dyspnea Dyspnoia) .
.


  • (Bronchiectasis):

ɡ . ǡ ɡ () .
.


  • (Lung Cancer):

ɡ . .

  • . , .
  • . (Reflex) .

. .




( ) ǡ .
ǡ .
:


  • / ( )
  • ( ɡ : - Inhaler)

ɡ ǡ :

  • (Imaging):
    • ( X - Ray)
    • (Computed tomography - CT)



  • :

(methacholin).

  • :

. С ( - Lidocaine).
.





͡ . ɡ . :
/ ( ) .
(Corticosteroids).
.


ݡ .