1 6 6

: ..Atomic Structure

  1. #1

    Jul 2011
    -
    716

    ..Atomic Structure

    : .







    : .

    : .

    (): .

    : = -
    2
    (2n) (n) .










    :
    .



    ý 10000 : 0.3
    :
    ( ) .



    112 92
    ..................................



    ý :
    1-
    2-
    3- ( Capital ) ( Small ) ( Capital ) )
    4- .
    :

    Sodium Natrium Na
    potassium Kalium K
    Iron Ferrum Fe
    Copper Cuprum Cu
    Silver Argentum Ag
    Carbon Carbon C
    Calcium Calx Ca
    Cadmium Cadmus Cd Ca
    Cesium Caesium Cs Ca Ce



    .................................


    :

    H B F
    He C Ne
    Li N Na
    Be O Mg
    Al S K
    Si Cl Ca
    P Ar Fe
    Au Ag Cu
    Hg I () Zn
    Pb Ba Br



  2. #2

    Jul 2011
    -
    716

    : ..Atomic Structure


    :
    :-
    - ( + )
    - ( - )

    : :

    ( + ) ( - ) .
    :
    1- ( )
    2- :
    3- :
    :
    :
    Ca K .
    .
    ......................................

    :

    1- 8 8 :
    = 8
    = 8 + 8 = 16
    O
    ..........................
    2- = 17 = 35
    = 17 = 17 = 35 = 35
    .............................

    : :
    ( - ) .
    .
    ( ) .
    ............................
    ý :
    1- = =
    2- = +
    3- =

    * :

    H 1 1 1 1 1 1 = 0
    C 6 12 6 6 12 6 = 6
    Na 11 23 11 11 23 11 = 12
    Mg 12 24 12 12 24 12 = 12
    Cl 17 35 17 17 35 17 = 18
    Ca 20 40 20 20 40 20 = 20
    ................................................



  3. #3

    Jul 2011
    -
    716

    : ..Atomic Structure


    :



    ( )
    .
    : ( )
    :
    .
    1- ( 7 ) .
    ( ) K L M N O P Q
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    K L M N O P Q

    2-
    3- K .
    4- Q .
    =
    ( ) ( ) .
    ( ) .
    :
    .
    :
    ( ) .


    :

    1- ( 2 ) ╦
    2- ( 2 ) (O P Q )
    3- 8 [ (K ) 2 ]
    4- K L M N O P ........
    5- :
    ( )
    K 1 2 1 = 2
    L 2 2 2 = 8
    M 3 2 3 = 18
    N 4 2 4 = 32
    ..................................
    :
    1- N
    = 7 .... = 7 = 7 = 7
    :
    K = 2 7 2 = 5
    L = 5
    ...............................
    2- Na
    = 11 .... = 11 = 12 = 11
    :
    K = 2 ( 11 2 = 9 )
    L = 8 ( 9 8 = 1 )
    M = 1
    3- K
    = 19 .... :
    = 19 = 20 = 19
    :
    K = 2 ( 19 2 = 17 )
    L = 8 ( 17 8 = 9 )
    * ( 9 ) M 18 8
    M = 8 ( 9 8 = 1 )
    N = 1
    ..........................................

    :-
    :-
    1- 8 .
    2- 8 (((( ))))
    ◙ ( ) .
    ◙ 8 2 .
    ☻ :-




    H 1 1 0 1 1

    He 2 4 2 2 2

    Li 3 7 4 3 1

    N

    7 14 7 7 5

    O 8 16 8 8 6

    Ne 10 20 10 10 2

    Na 11 23 12 11 1
    Mg 12 24 12 12 2

    Al 13 27 14 13 3

    Cl 17 35 18 17 7


  4. #4

    Jul 2011
    -
    716

    : ..Atomic Structure


  5. #5

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    : ..Atomic Structure



  6. #6


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: 1 (0 1 )