1 2 1 2
1 7 12

: .. Atomic Radius

  1. #1

    Aug 2011
    Jordan - Zerqa
    898

    .. Atomic Radius


    ( )
    <<
    ..



    ... ()
    ( .......) ..


    .. ..Effective nuclear charge ... ...
    ..

    Z eff .. ..Z eff = z- σ
    σ << ...
    z
    ( )


    ... ....
    7
    7
    "
    "..


    ( σ )...
    ( z ) .. σ ... .. Z eff ..



    :
    1)
    Atomic Radius
    ... ...


  2. #2

    Aug 2011
    Jordan - Zerqa
    898

    : .. Atomic Radius


    .... .. ... .. ... ..( ) ...
    ... ... ..



    2)
    ionization energy
    (I.E) .. ..


    ( = - ) .. ( ) ...


    ..
    ( ) ... ( ..P: ) ..
    ..

    ...

    ..
    ( ) ... ns2 np1 ns2

    ...
    ...
    P ...
    ns2 np3 [i] [i] [i] , ns2 np4 [i!] [i] [i]
    ....




    .. second ionization
    ... ... ( ...
    ... ... ) ...
    third ionization
    ... ...

    ..I1<I2<I3




    3) Elecrton Affinity (E.A) ..
    .. -1
    ..


    :
    ( ) ... ... ..


    .. ...


    334 ... .. ...
    :
    ..

    : ...

    :
    A8 ... ...

    ...

    ..
    :
    (
    - )

    ..
    (
    ) ( )


  3. #3

    Aug 2011
    Jordan - Zerqa
    898

    : .. Atomic Radius





  4. #4

    Jul 2011
    -
    932

    : .. Atomic Radius



  5. #5

    Dec 2011
    382

    : .. Atomic Radius


  6. #6
      Raed
    Jul 2011
    -
    1,052

    : .. Atomic Radius



  7. #7

    Aug 2011
    -
    3,021

    : .. Atomic Radius


1 2 1 2

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: 0

, atomic, , , radius