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  1. #1

    Jul 2011
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    16,569


    0 +1 . E refresh .

    E F : refresh E F. refresh ( ) F . E F E .
    : refresh refresh .


    refresh . refresh ,

    • Ω , "sample space",

    . : Ω.

    • refresh : event .

    - Ω, .

    • P refresh probability measure , , refresh

    P(Ω) = 1, .
    P Ω.


  2. #2

    Aug 2011
    2,846

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  3. #3
      Eiman
    Jul 2011
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    14,700

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    .......

  4. #4

    Aug 2011
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    3,041

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  5. #5

    Aug 2011
    1,448

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