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الموضوع: conjunctions part1

  1. #1
    عضو مميز الصورة الرمزية قمر بلحاج
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    Jul 2012
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    افتراضي conjunctions part1

    AND
    a- To suggest that one idea is chronologically sequential to another: "Tashonda sent in her applications and waited by the phone for a response." a

    b- To suggest that one idea is the result of another: "Willie heard the weather report and promptly boarded up his house." a

    c- To suggest that one idea is in contrast to another (frequently replaced by but in this usage): "Juanita is brilliant and Shalimar has a pleasant personality. a

    d- To suggest an element of surprise (sometimes replaced by yet in this usage): "Hartford is a rich city and suffers from many symptoms of urban blight." a

    e- To suggest that one clause is dependent upon another, conditionally (usually the first clause is an imperative): "Use your credit cards frequently and you'll soon find yourself deep in debt." a

    f- To suggest a kind of "comment" on the first clause: "Charlie became addicted to gambling — and that surprised no one who knew him."a


    BUT
    a. To suggest a contrast that is unexpected in light of the first clause: "Joey lost a fortune in the stock market, but he still seems able to live quite comfortably." a

    b. To suggest in an affirmative sense what the first part of the sentence implied in a negative way (sometimes replaced by on the contrary): "The club never invested foolishly, but used the services of a sage investment counselor." a

    c. To connect two ideas with the meaning of "with the exception of" (and then the second word takes over as subject): "Everybody but Goldenbreath is trying out for the team." a


    OR
    a. To suggest that only one possibility can be realized, excluding one or the other: "You can study hard for this exam or you can fail." a

    b. To suggest the inclusive combination of alternatives: "We can broil chicken on the grill tonight, or we can just eat leftovers. a

    c. To suggest a refinement of the first clause: "Smith College is the premier all-women's college in the country, or so it seems to most Smith College alumnae." a

    d. To suggest a restatement or "correction" of the first part of the sentence: "There are no rattlesnakes in this canyon, or so our guide tells us." a

    e. To suggest a negative condition: "The New Hampshire state motto is the rather grim "Live free or die." a

    f. To suggest a negative alternative without the use of an imperative (see use of and above): "They must approve his political style or they wouldn't keep electing him mayor." a

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  2. #2
    Super Moderator الصورة الرمزية منى زهران
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    Mar 2012
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    افتراضي رد: conjunctions part1

    شكرا
    بارك الله فيكم

    عضو في نادي ماركا الأكاديمي


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