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  1. #1

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    +

    ( )







    :




    :



    Subject ...

    Verb ..

    Object






    :


    They study geography ,,,,,,,,



    They ......Subject

    study....Verb


    geography...Object




    ..S

    ..V

    ....O





    :


    Study they geography



    ..

    ..





    :
    Pronouns



    (pronoun)


    ..( Noun)) (Noun phrase).


    Samia eats apple

    She eats apple




    # #



    : Demostrative pronouns

    :

    (this/that/these/those/such)


    That is incredible!
    I will never forget this
    Such is my belief

    # Personal pronouns



    *
    Subject personal pronouns
    #
    I, you ,he , she , it , we
    I , he , she , it
    We
    You

    She took the bus last night
    He is aschool boy .
    We are Muslims .
    I stayed at home.
    You need another blanket.
    .


    *
    Object personal pronouns


    Me ,you , him , her ,it , us

    John took it
    Umar gave me abook
    We sent you a letter.
    He adores her.
    I saw it with my own eyes.
    They have just invited us to their wedding.
    We went with him.


    # Possesive pronouns

    #
    Mine , yours ,his , hers , ours , yours , theirs


    This book is mine.

    This pencil case is yours.

    Mary is a relative of his.

    I've found hers.

    Ours need watering.

    Yours are bigger than mine.

    These are your notebooks and those are theirs.



    # Reflexisive pronouns
    Self selves #
    my, your, our, him, her, it, them

    myself

    yourself

    himself

    herself

    itself

    ourselves

    yourselves

    themselves
    She made this skirt herself
    The queen herself was among the demostrators.
    The mayor himself spoke for the abolition of the dealth penalty.

    #
    Interrogative pronouns

    Wh
    :
    what, which, who, whom, and whose. / Examples

    What did you say?

    Who said that?

    Which do you prefer?

    ...

    # Negative pronouns


    no-one, nobody, neither, none and nothing
    Nobody is here .
    She is neither a British nor American :




    # Reciprocal pronouns

    :
    each other / one another :

    They write to each other / one another once a month.
    ..


    #
    Relative pronouns

    :
    (who/whoever/which/that) :
    The student who studies hardest usually does the best

    .


    # Quantifier

    :
    some, any, something, much, many, little, few , a lot
    I have few litrary books.

    They like orange so much
    .




    :
    (Nouns)


    What is anoun ?
    : (person) (a thing) ( aplace ) (an animal ) ( an idea ) ( Noun ) .
    A/an/the (Noun).


    (Nouns) :
    dog, cats, women, Sally, justice, strength, departure, apples, England, Califonia, Steve Young, mice, school, beach, kindness, food


    :
    1. Ahmad and Nora made a cake.
    .
    ( +)
    2. The moon is far away from the earth.

    .
    ( )

    3. His kindness was appreciated.

    .
    ( )

    4. The plane will depart in twenty minutes.

    .
    ( )


    # ():Concrete & abstract nouns

    (concrete N)
    .
    Examples:
    honey>>>>>>>
    pillows>>>>>>>>


    fish>>>>>>>>>

    juice>>>>>>>>> ........

    # ( )
    Abstract N
    :

    Examples/

    Thought>>>>>>>>

    Wisdom>>>>>>>>

    Freedom>>>>>>>>

    Creativity>>>>>>>
    :

    . I could smell dinner cooking.
    (Concrete N )

    I don't have much knowledge on the subject, Professor.

    (abstract N)

    #
    Proper & common Nouns :
    Proper N
    . . ( ) .


    Examples/
    Nora

    Ramadan
    Friday

    Chrestianity

    Islam First World War

    .


    I will go with Sara tomorrow .


    #
    Common Noun . .

    Examples/
    This woman is my sister .
    .

    This is my leader .


    .

    # :
    Plural & singular forms

    S es
    :
    Friend

    Friends
    S
    :
    X , O , S , Sh , Ch , Z

    Es
    :

    Box >>>>>>>>>>>>Boxes

    Wash >>>>>>>>>>>>>washes

    Buzz>>>>>>>>>>>>buzzes

    Class>>>>>>>>>>>>classes


    S/es


    Man >>>>>>>>men
    Child >>>>>>>>children
    Mouse>>>>>>>>>mice
    Foot>>>>>>>>>feet
    Goose >>>>>>>>>geese
    Tooth >>>>>>>>>>teeth
    Ox>>>>>>>>>>oxen
    Woman>>>>>>>>women
    louse>>>>>>>>>lice %
    Y
    (
    (I , o , u , e , a

    Y

    I

    :
    One country >>>>>>>>>>three countries

    Y


    S



    Toy>>>>>>>>>toys

    F / fe
    Ves

    Leaf >>>>>>>>>leaves



    .. :

    Dear>>>>>>>>>>dear
    Fish>>>>>>>>>>>fish
    Means>>>>>>>>>>>>means
    Series>>>>>>>>>>series
    Seep>>>>>>>>>>sheep
    Species>>>>>>>species
    **************


    Possessive Nouns

    ..

    :
    S :
    The girl
    Naser
    My wife
    A lady


    :

    The girls
    Nasers
    My wifes
    A ladys


    :The red suitcase is Cassandra's.
    ( )
    This is Nasers pen .
    ( )

    : ()
    S

    :
    The girls>>>>>>>>>>the girls
    Their wives >>>>>>>>their wives
    The ladies >>>>>>>>the ladies .

    :
    S
    :

    Man >>>>>>>>men
    Child >>>>>>>>children
    Mouse>>>>>>>>>mice
    Foot>>>>>>>>>feet
    Goose >>>>>>>>>geese
    Tooth >>>>>>>>>>teeth
    Ox>>>>>>>>>>oxen
    Woman>>>>>>>>women
    louse>>>>>>>>>lice


    S
    :
    The men>>>>>>>>>>the mens
    My children>>>>>>>>>my childrens

    ************
    #
    Countable & Non-Countable Nouns


    : Countable Nouns
    : .... .. .. ...
    ..
    :
    Book >>>>>>>>>>books
    :
    We painted the table red and the chairs blue.
    .

    :
    1-
    A/an

    2-
    S/es
    * .
    Many , a lot of ,some , two , three . four ..
    A chair >>>>>>>>>> many chairs
    A chair >>>>>>>>>> a lot of chairs
    A chair >>>>>>>>>> some chairs
    A chair >>>>>>>>>> three chairs

    How many ..?
    :
    How many apples are there?
    : Non-Countable Nouns
    (or mass noun)
    .
    : , , ....

    :
    1-
    A/an
    2-
    S/es :
    Much , a lot of , some
    water>>>>>>>>>>>>> some water
    water>>>>>>>>>>>>>a lot of water
    water>>>>>>>>>>>>>much water



    How much?



  2. #2

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    : +



    Verbs


    *
    What Is A Verb?


    : . .

    ..

    Subject + Verb+ Object

    :

    Salem reads a book .

    .







    # :


    1- (a verb)


    :

    I come from Canada.



    (come)

    2- ( Compound Verb )


    :

    It will snow tomorrow.

    .

    (will snow)
    Will snow

    # :


    Present simple

    past simple

    Future

    .

    #
    Regular verbs & Irregular Verbs
    .

    :

    We talk to our father.

    ( ) ( talk)

    ed :

    We talked to our father.

    .

    Talk >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>talked

    ed . .

    :

    They go to school.



    Go ed

    :

    They went to school
    .



    Go >>>>>>>>>>>>>went
    ed Go



    refresh




    Present simple


    What do we mean by ( Present simple)?
    ؿ

    : . Present simple present continous
    .



    #
    How to form present simple?


    Present simple


    : Subject + verb (s) +object
    (s)
    : (s) :1- :
    He , She , It
    (s)
    (s)

    / ExamplesHe sings in his room.
    .
    She eats the apple.

    It snows in Alaska
    .
    (s)
    He , She , it

    We , they , I , you (s)

    2- .
    (s)
    /ExamplesNaser sings in his room .


    Faten eats the apple.
    .

    The Internet stops suddenly.

    .


    :
    Subject + verb +object
    ( s)
    *
    I , you , they ,we / Examples

    They watch the T.V every day.


    We watch the T.V every day.
    .


    You watch the T.V every day.
    .


    I watch the T.V every day.
    .


    (s) :
    They watches the T.V every day.
    (s) They
    He , She ,it




    : : Is , am , are
    Is >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>singular (is) (She , He , it )
    :
    She is a muslim .


    He is a muslim .
    .


    It is a nice book.
    .


    Huda is a muslim girl.
    .


    Are>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>plural Are (They ,we , you)
    :
    They are Muslims.
    .


    We are Muslims
    .


    You are Muslim.
    .


    Am I .
    :
    I am from Saudia Arabia.
    .


    I is are
    (Helping verb) .



    ؿ
    When to use the present simple?

    / .Actions which happen regularly (every day, every week, etc.)
    /Examples
    They go to school every day.
    .


    .
    She takes ashower every Friday.
    .


    .

    / ( , ...)
    /Examples
    The sun rises from the east.


    The earth goes round the sun.
    .


    / Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
    .


    * Do / Does
    do :
    I , you , they ,we does :
    He , she ,it
    & not Do / Does

    Do / Does+ not
    :
    I do not like rice.

    .

    She does not like rice.
    .


    How to form questions in present simple?
    ؿ
    :
    She is amuslim.

    :
    V+Subject+the rest of the sentence + ?


    Is she amuslim?
    .

    They watch the T.V every day.
    :
    Do they watch the T.V every day
    ?


    * :
    sometime /never/ Always/ usually/ often .


  3. #3

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    : +



    Look at each sentence and at the three versions of the verb below it. Decide which version completes the sentence correctly and click on it.

    The girl was ______ from the show as she was too young to participate.
    withdraw
    withdrawn
    withdrew
    Although she was ______ by a large bee, she didn't have to go to hospital.
    sang
    sting
    stung
    Those coffee beans are not ______ . You can't make coffee with them like that.
    grinded
    ground
    grounded
    He ______ the country during the war and never returned.
    fled
    fleed
    flew
    The problem ______ because he didn't have the right equipment to play in the game.
    araised
    arised
    arose
    Yesterday he ______ that the weather would be bad but look, it's sunny.
    forecast
    forecasted
    forecung
    He was ______ by a cricket ball and had to go to hospital.
    strack
    striked
    struck
    After she had washed the clothes, she ______ them and then put them on the line.
    wrung
    wringed
    wranged
    They say that the disease has ______ throughout the whole of western Africa.
    spread
    spreaded
    sprud
    The cloth has been ______ in the traditional way, using silk and gold thread.
    weaved
    woven
    woved


  4. #4

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    : +




    * .. .


    ѿ
    What do we mean by the term Present Continuous?

    ( ) .

    .

    * ѿ
    When to use the Present Continuous?

    :

    / . . .
    Now

    / Examples

    Naser and Mohammad are playing football now .



    . (( ))
    .


    / .

    / Examples


    Salem is working for an oil company.

    .

    (( )) . (()) .


    Mary is studying music in New York.

    .


    (( )) . (( )) .


    / . .

    / Examples


    We are buying anew car as soon as the new models come out.

    .



    (( )) .
    As soon as


    The new student is arriving next week.

    .

    (( )) .
    Next week


    / . always
    /Example

    My young son always is learning new things.
    .






    Wake up ! you are always sleeping.
    .

    .


    / .
    / Examples

    I am taking five course this semester.

    .

    .

    She is writing another book this year.

    .

    .


    & ѿ
    How to form The present Continuous ?

    ..
    (ing)
    (is-am- are)
    :

    /
    I + am + V -ing

    I am ( I am) (ing)



    I am reading a nice story now.
    .

    /
    ( she-he-it) + is + V (ing)

    She-he -it is (ing)

    ..

    She is trying to improve his work .

    .

    It is raining.

    .

    /
    (we-you-they)+ are+ V (ing)

    we-you-they are (ing)


    :

    They are sleeping now.

    .

    You are singing beautifully.

    .


    / (())!!!
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    :

    /
    Mental state
    (know-realize-understand-recognize-believe-feel-suppose-think-imagine-doubt-remember-forget-want-need-prefer-mean)



    He is knowing.

    He knows

    /
    Emotinal state

    (love-like-appreciate-hate-dislike-fear-envy-mind -care)

    **********************

    /
    Possesion(posses-have-own-belong)
    **********************


    /
    Sense perception

    (taste-smell-hear-feel-see)
    *******************
    /
    (seem-look-appear-cost-owe-weigh-be-exist-consist of- contain-include)
    *****************************


    * :
    How to form the negative?


    not



    They are sleeping now.
    .

    not
    Is-am-are

    :

    They are not sleeping now.
    .


    * ѿ
    How to form Questions in Present Continous

    ..



    They are sleeping now.


    Are they sleeping now?


    :: ... :
    A E O U I
    .. .. ...




  5. #5

    Jul 2012
    5,302

    : +



    The Present Perfect tense .



    * / (( )) The Present Perfect tense .
    ...


    /
    What do we mean by the term ((Present Perfect))?



    (( _ -.......)) . :
    * . .
    * .

    ,,,, :
    (()) :
    (( )) . .
    ..

    Naif: Read this book , it is very nice.
    Ahmad: I have read it already.


    . .

    *
    How to form the present perfect tense?



    Have/has Past participle

    :
    Has /have + Past participle

    (( )) :

    : has
    She-he-it has

    :

    Subject+has+ V(past participle)

    She-he-it has
    .
    / Examples
    She has learned French already.
    .


    He has lost his keys.
    .


    : have

    I-you-we-they have

    :

    Subject+have+ V(past participle)

    I-you-we-they
    have
    .
    / Examples
    I have met many people since I came here in june.
    .

    We have been here for two weeks.
    .


    They have studied the lesson very good.
    .


    *
    When to use the Present Perfect tense?

    : (0)) . since

    :
    I have met many people since I came here in June.
    .

    .

    He has spoken English since he was achild .
    .

    (( )) (( )) .


    : : (( )) . for :

    He has studied English for along time.
    .

    (( )) .


    They have been here for several years.
    .

    (( )) .


    : : (( )) .:

    He has played football from time to time.
    .

    .

    He has appeared on television Occasionally.
    .


    : : .

    :

    He has just left.
    .

    She has worked very hard this week.
    .

    *
    Since for

    Since
    :

    I have met many people since I came here in June.
    .


    For
    :

    He has studied English for along time.
    .

    .


    How to make questions?



    ..

    They have studied the lesson very well.

    X

    :
    Have they studied the lesson very well?

    have they ...



    * The negative

    not never

    have/has

    :
    They have studied the lesson very well.


    They have not studied the lesson very well.


    ............................



    The Present Perfect tense .


    :


    :
    already


    :
    She has already gone.


    Just .
    - .

    :
    Do you like something to eat?
    No I have just had lunch.

    Yet
    .

    :


    I have written the letter but I havent posted it yet.
    .

    :
    Has it stopped raining yet?



    :* .

    :
    This is the first time I have driven a car.
    .



    :
    Have you ever+V past participle

    :
    Have you ever eaten caviar?

    .

    Have you ever read Hamlet?
    .

    ....


  6. #6
      Raed
    Jul 2011
    -
    1,052

    : +



  7. #7
      elena
    Mar 2014
    48

    thanks


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